The How Tos of Backwards Chaining
By Veronica Glen, PT, DPT
When Physical Therapists see a clumsy or uncoordinated child, one of the first thoughts we think is “That kid can use some balance training!” or “They could benefit from functional activity practice!” What current evidence based research is finding is that strength and power training can be just as helpful if not MORE helpful than functional movement training!
Down Syndrome (DS) is a genetic disorder caused by one too many copies of chromosome 21. This extra copy changes the typical way the brain and body develop. As a result, individuals with Down Syndrome can face both physical and mental challenges from birth onward, such as delayed developmental milestones. Other possible challenges include:
Downs Syndrome awareness month is coming in October. The National Advocate for People withDowns Syndrome is having it’s annual Buddy Walk. Persons with Downs and their friends and family are encouraged to participate.
According to the United States census bureau, 36% of the population described themselves as “nonHispanic white”. By 2050, fully 50% of our nation will be comprised of persons who identify as other than Caucasian.
Children are naturally disposed to learning, but when natural processes are interrupted, a little help is needed for a child to develop their full potential. It is a pleasure to play a role in the development of stronger bonds that are built between parents and children as they work toward better communication. Helping children acquire the skills they need to effectively communicate with their families and peers is very rewarding.
Learning to speak is a difficult task. What seems effortless to those without a speech impairment is an incredibly complex set of skills to learn. It helps to become aware of what may be in the way.
Williams syndrome is a developmental disorder affecting approximately 1 in 10,000. It affects both males and females equally.
This syndrome is present at birth and can affect anyone. It is characterized by medical problems, including cardiovascular disease, developmental delays and learning disabilities. These often occur side by side with striking verbal abilities, highly social personalities, and an affinity for music.
Children with Williams syndrome tend to be social, friendly and endearing. In fact, they are likely to be overly friendly, and lack so-called “stranger danger”. This tendency makes Williams syndrome children socially vulnerable.
Although Williams syndrome affects those afflicted for life, there is much that can be done to help. Early diagnosis for Williams syndrome can dramatically change outcomes for the future of children affected.
This is a video done by ABC news a few years ago which gives an excellent look into the challenges and joys of Williams syndrome. We hope you enjoy learning about these wonderful members of our community!
As a society, we’ve come a long way towards understanding the need for paying close attention to the development of our children, and intervening when natural processes aren’t unfolding the way they should.
ASHA recently reported that, ‘Many toddlers diagnosed with ASD who receive early intervention can attend regular kindergarten, cutting annual education costs by $10,000 per child, according to Autism Navigator. The Autism Society of the United States says that early intervention can reduce the cost of care by 67%.”
The role that speech and language pathologists play in these interventions can change the trajectory of a child’s life.